Chapter 7 The Skeleton Short Answer Essay Questions

Salina mink Short answer essay quesTons4.Name the cranial and facial bones and compare and contrast the funcTons of the cranial and facial skeleton.Ethmoid Bone (1), Frontal Bone (1), Occipital Bone (1), Parietal Bones (2), Sphenoid Bone (1), ±emporal Bones (2), ZygomaTc Bone, Ethmoid Bone, ±emporal Bone, Maxilla, Frontal Bone, Sphenoid Bone, Occipital Bone, Mandible, Parietal Bone, PalaTne Bone, Lacrimal Bone, Vomer ,Nasal Bone, Inferior Nasal Conchae.±he major funcTon of the cranium is to protect the brain furnish a²achment points for muscle tendon ect, facial bones form framework houses caviTes for sense organs, anchor facial muscle for expression secure teeth5.How do the relaTve proporTons of the cranium and face of a fetus compare with those of an adult skull?At birth, the skull is huge relaTve to the facial skeleton. During childhood and adolescence, the face grows out from the skull. By adulthood, the cranial and facial skeletons are the appropriate proporTonal size.6.Name and diagram the normal vertebral curvatures. Which are primary and which are secondary curvatures?Normal curves are: cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral. ±he thoracic and sacral are primary; the cervical and lumbar are secondary.

  • 1. 

      This bone forms the inferior portion of the nasal septum: 
    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

  • 2. 

       Most of the "cheek" of the face is formed by this bone
    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

  • 3. 

      The rounded boney process that can be palpated behind your ear is the: 
    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

      d. occipital protuberance

  • 4. 

      •  How many total bones make up the cranium:
    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

  • 5. 

      This passageway connects the nasal cavity and the orbit
    • A. 

    • B. 

      b. inferior orbital fissure

    • C. 

    • D. 

  • 6. 

      This single bone is located medially to the eyes and forms the roof of the nasal cavity: 
    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

  • 7. 

      This cranial suture separates the occipital and parietal bones: 
    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

  • 8. 

      Which facial bone articulates with all other facial bones except the mandible: 
    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

  • 9. 

      Which of the following bones does not directly contribute to the formation of the orbit: 
    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

  • 10. 

       Which of the following bones does not directly contribute to the formation of the orbit:
    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

  • 11. 

      Which of the following structures is incorrectly paired with its corresponding bone: 
    • A. 

      A. stylomastoid foramen :: occipital

    • B. 

      B. pterygoid process :: sphenoid

    • C. 

      c. jugular notch :: sternum

    • D. 

      d. coronoid process :: mandible

  • 12. 

       How many total bones make up the skull (middle ear bones not included): 
    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

  • 13. 

      This single bone is located medially to the eyes and forms the roof of the nasal cavity:
    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

  • 14. 

    Palatine bones

    • A. 

      A.various shapes that dont fit the other categories vertabrae and hip bones

    • B. 

      B.L-shaped bones form a portion of the hard palate - aka roof of the mouth

    • C. 

      C.allows passage of the mandibular division of cranial nerve - allows exit

    • D. 

      D.longer than they are wide a bone has a shaft and 2 distinct ends

  • 15. 

    Maxilla bones

    • A. 

      A.open spaces between trabeculare are filled with red or yellow bone marrow lightens weight and maintains strength

    • B. 

      B.provides a framework that supports the body, sites for muscle attatchment, protective covering for certain organs and regions of the bod

    • C. 

      Skull, vertebral column, bony thorax c.appendicular bones are those bones attatched to the axial bones

    • D. 

      Form upper jaw and central part of facial skeleton d.key stone bones of the face becasue they articulate with all other facial bones except the mandible

  • 16. 

    Lamboid suture

    • A. 

      A.back of the head picture, occurs where the parietal bone meet the occipital bone posteriorly

    • B. 

      B.slender, plow shaped, lies in nasal cavity forms the inferior part of the septum - bone that looks like a fin

    • C. 

      C.various shapes that dont fit the other categories vertabrae and hip bones

    • D. 

      D.allows for passage of the maxillary division of cranial nerve - allows exit of the nerve

  • 17. 

    The roles bones play

    • A. 

      A.contains a deep grove where the lacrimal sac lays that gathers tears allowing fluid to drain from the eyes into the nasal cavity

    • B. 

      B.slender, plow shaped, lies in nasal cavity forms the inferior part of the septum - bone that looks like a fin

    • C. 

      C.sits in the neck, floats within the body, embedded within a ligament, its function is to move up the larynx when we swallow

    • D. 

      D.provides a framework that supports the body, sites for muscle attatchment, protective covering for certain organs and regions of the bod

  • 18. 

    Mandible

    • A. 

      A.allow passage of the hypoglossal nerve

    • B. 

      B.is the strongest skull bone

    • C. 

      C.tiny tiny foramen which lead to the nasal cavity

    • D. 

  • 19. 

    Which bone protects the brain?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

  • 20. 

    Besides the brain, the skull also protects ...

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

  • 21. 

    Axial skeleton is structured from _________ bones

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

  • 22. 

    What are not one of the major regoins of the axial skeleton?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

  • 23. 

    What bone does not help form the skull?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

  • 24. 

    The facial bones does all of the following except for

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

      C.anchor facial expressions

  • 25. 

    Sutures are

    • A. 

      A.forms facial bone structure

    • B. 

      B.interlocking joints of the adult bones

    • C. 

  • 26. 

    Which of the following is not directly related to the cranial?

    • A. 

      A. superior aspects of the skull

    • B. 

      B. lateral parts of the skull

    • C. 

      C. inferior parts of the skull

  • 27. 

    The orbits houses the

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

  • 28. 

    Supraorbital margins are thickened superior margins that lie under the 

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

  • 29. 

    Supraorbital foramen (notch) allows the supraorbital artery to pass to the

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

  • 30. 

    The  three major subdivions of the axial skeleton are all of the following except

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

  • 31. 

    The occipital bone is inferior to the

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

  • 32. 

    The mandible secures the

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

  • 33. 

    The coronal suture is wher the parietal bones meet

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

  • 34. 

    The occipital bone forms the skulls posterior

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

  • 35. 

    The mastoid sinuses are full of 

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

  • 36. 

    The temporal bones form aspects

    • A. 

      A. the skull and parts of the cranial floor

    • B. 

    • C. 

  • 37. 

    Which is not a facial bone

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

  • 38. 

    Within the body of sphenoid bone are the paired

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

  • 39. 

    The middle cranial fossa supports 

    • A. 

      A. temporal lobes of the brain

    • B. 

    • C. 

  • 40. 

    The petrous houses the

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

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