Eid Al Fitr is likely to be observed on June 25 in most Muslim countries.
Muslims across the world will be hosting dozens of celebrations for Eid, including prayers, feasts and parades.
The date Eid falls this year depends on when Ramadan starts. The Islamic Crescent Observation Project (Icop) has said that astronomically Eid Al Fitr of Hijri year 1438 will be on Sunday, June 25 in most Muslim countries, considering that sighting of the moon is a precondition for the beginning of the month of Shawwal.
Here is everything you need to know about Eid Al Fitr:
What is Eid Al Fitr:
Eid Al Fitr and Eid Al Adha are the two major festivals in Islam. Eid Al Fitr, or the 'festival of breaking fast', marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan and the beginning of Shawaal, the 10th month of the Islamic lunar calendar. The festival is celebrated by the 1.6 billion Muslims across the globe. The date for Eid Al Fitr is based on the lunar calendar.
When is it celebrated:
The celebration of Eid Al Fitr is subjected to the appearance of moon which is why its observance varies from country to country. The process of the moon sighting begins on the 29th day of Ramadan. If the moon is sighted on the 29th, the next day is declared as Eid Al Fitr and the first day of the month of Shawaal.
In other case, Eid Al Fitr may be observed after fasting 30 days of Ramadan. Fasting on the day of Eid is forbidden in Islam.
How is it observed:
During the holy month of Ramadan, Muslims fast for 29 to 30 days from dawn to dusk. It is a month of worship and spiritual cleansing for Muslims. They not only refrain from eating and drinking but also stay away from any misdemeanour, sexual relations, bad language and sinful acts. Extensive acts of charity are performed during the month.
After a month of spiritual training and successful completion of Ramadan, Eid Al Fitr is a day of celebration for Muslims. It is celebrated as a day of reward and victory for all those having devoted themselves to good deeds and worships during Ramadan.
How is it celebrated:
The mode of celebrating Eid Al Fitr is majorly the same across the world.
The day begins with Eid prayer which follows the regular morning prayer. Eid prayer is obligatory for men and women to be performed in congregation. It is held is mosques and large ground also called as Eidgah. Eid greetings are exchanged between friends, family and strangers too. The celebrations of Eid Al Fitr can last up to three days. It is customary to wear new clothes, prepare a variety of dishes. In many Asian countries, elders give eidi (money) to children as a goodwill. Muslims visit their friends and relatives to exchange Eid greetings.
Public sector holidays
The Federal Authority for Government Human Resources has announced that Eid Al Fitr holiday for federal ministries and authorities in the UAE will begin on Saturday, 29th Ramadan (corresponding to June 24).
Private sector holidays
The Ministry of Labour has declared that the Eid Al Fitr holiday, as an official paid holiday for all private sector employees in the UAE, will be on the first and second days of Shawwal.
Eid celebrations across Dubai:Ultimate list of things to do in the city on Eid Al Fitr
Unique Eid Al Fitr celebrations:
A thousand layer cake - lapis legit - is prepared and eaten on the day of Eid Al Fitr (Leberan) in this country which is home to the largest Muslim population in the world.
Egg fight or Tokhm Jangi makes the Eid celebrations unique here. People of all ages gather in parks and try to break each other's hard boiled eggs.
Eid celebration here is marked by the colours of secularism and unity. On this day, Muslims and non-Muslims celebrate Eid together in the multicultural Eid Festival and Fair. The festival first began in 1994 in Sydney before being celebrated in other parts of the country.
Sweets are an important part of Eid celebration in this country. Known as Ramadan Bayram or festival of sweets, children are given various varieties of sweets on the day of Eid which mostly include Turkish delight and Baklava.
Locate mosques in Dubai
Parents and kids should take the opportunity to educate teachers and fellow students about Eid ul-Fitr. To do this though, teachers have to be given advance notice asking for such a presentation to take place.
First, a letter should be drafted. Then, parents should follow up with a phone call if they do not hear from the teacher first. From there, they can make additional arrangements, and then prepare the presentation.
Below is a sample letter you can send to Hussein or Hafsa's teacher, asking that such a presentation be given in class.
Dear Mr. Jones:
Greetings. I am the father of Hussein Nafees, who is in your fourth grade class.
Hussein has benefited greatly from your help as a teacher so far this year, and I hope he continues to do so under your supervision.
I would like to bring to your attention the issue of Eid ul-Fitr, a Muslim religious holiday, expected to fall on January 8.
As you may know, Muslims were fasting during most of December, which was when the month of Ramadan fell this year. Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar. It is notable for its emphasis on seeking closeness to God through fasting, prayer and charity. This year, Ramadan began on December 9.
During Ramadan, Muslims abstain from food, drink and sex between dawn and sunset each day. Although fasting is not required of Muslims until they reach puberty, many Muslim children may fast as well. They often do this to experience Ramadan with their parents and older siblings. Hussein is an example of this.
Eid ul-Fitr marks the end of Ramadan. It is a time of joy and celebration.
In view of this, we would like to ask if Hussein, with your help, can prepare a presentation sometime next week about this Muslim celebration. It would be short (about 15 minutes), and perhaps it could be fit into a relevant study period (i.e. social studies).
Such a presentation would not only build Hussein's speaking and presenting skills, but would also be a great learning experience for the other children in the class to learn about another religious celebration significant for about 6 million North Americans, who are also Muslim.
I would appreciate it if you could please contact me about this presentation. You can call me in the daytime at my office at (123) 555-7890 or in the evenings after 7 p.m. at home at (123) 555-3456.
Thank you for your attention and cooperation.
Mr. Ahmed Nafees